Depression And Anxiety 

Personality and Depression:    Major Personality Traits Linked To The Risk Of Depression   Explanatory Models and Review of the Evidence  Current evidence suggests that depression is linked to personality traits.  Recent research helps us to understand the association between personality and depression, allowing us to identify who, under enough stress, might start to suffer with depression and or anxiety.   I would add to this research by saying that any one under enough stress would suffer with anxiety or depression, a natural protection response; Depression can dull the senses down or in the case of anxiety, increasing sensitivity to perceived stress or danger. When the brain perceives that it needs to protect, it looks for problems, this response can be herd in our conversation as negativity, only seeing what is wrong.  As an example of this, I asked a client to look at the garden in full bloom, and tell me what he saw, his response was, "the grass needs cutting and there is a weed in the path." There was no mention of bluebells and flowering shrubs etc, which were probably not seen or experienced?  This sensitivity is heightened, dependent on the brains dominant modality, when we are predominantly kinesthetic we move through our world processing events through feelings and not visually, auditory, gustatorily, olfactorily etc as a dominance.   There is a possibility this over sensitivity is also enhanced by being left handed. There are many scientific reasons for this:  Lefties are responsible for 10% of the population (ish) and yet responsible for more than 30% of my case load? I am not saying that righties do not suffer with depression and or anxiety, only that lefties might be prudent to be more self supportive by gaining skills which might protect them.  I have not used clinical terms, which might describe these personality traits as I believe labels are often unhelpful and can be used derogatively.  Here is a list in every day terminology that might identify a personality profile which could suffer with depression and or anxiety more readily.  1) External locus of control. 2) Internally sensitive 3) Difficult to let things go. 4) Over conscientious. 5) Perfectionist nature. 6) Strong emotional responses to innocuous events. 7) Rigid beliefs, in terms of what is right and wrong.  By the way, perfectionist nature here does not mean that everything has to be perfect but things need to be perfect or right for the individual, for this person to feel comfortable.   Back to Kenneth S. Kendler: Personality characteristics then appear to contribute to the tendency and progression of depression through a variety of neurological pathways.  The implications for prevention and treatment with therapeutic interventions are profoundly obvious, as all of these personality tendencies can be addressed and with therapeutic support, modified to a more resilient personality profile.  The research conclusions comes from 21,000 Swedish subjects who completed personality tests over 25 years. This research has been adapted for this article by the SCCP, with the additions of personal observations of self and clients over 35 years of clinical experience.  Regarding the conclusions from these two studies and contrary to popular opinion, these traits can be changed with the correct therapeutic support.  The results revealed that negative emotionality was key and that genetic factors were important in the development of depression.  Professor Kenneth S. Kendler, who led the study, said: “The personality trait of neuroticism – perhaps better understood as “negative emotionality” is a strong risk factor of major depression.  Our study shows that this occurs largely because levels of neuroticism are an index of the genetic liability to depression.”  Although links are sometimes found between depression and being introverted, as well as being low on conscientiousness, it is neuroticism that has the greatest link to depression.  The studies were published in the journals Annual Review of Clinical Psychology and Archives of General Psychiatry (Klein et al., 2011; Kendler et al., 2006). :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 

Hypnotherapy Can Help 
If You Are 
Suffering With 
Originally Practiced  
Alexandra Ward 
Woking Community Hospital 
Hillview Medical Centre 
Current Main Practice 
New Leaf  
Hypnotherapy Clinic 
West Byfleet 

How Can Hypnotherapy & Psychotherapy Help   Depression & Anxiety 

Those who are introverted with a tendency towards sadness, irritability and self-consciousness often suffer with anxiety issues. 
When we are like this we tend to pay more attention to things going wrong, rather than potential rewards. 
Given time focusing on problems rather than rewards may develop a personality that experiences more anxiety and a sense of failure. 
Published in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology (Gershuny & Sher, 1998) Adapted & contributed to by the SCCP. 
When we are like this we are less likely to gain help from others, due to perceived judgments from others. 
The lack of social support maintains and potentially exacerbates anxiety. 
The conclusions come from a study of 466 young adults who were assessed twice over three years. 
Those who were just introverted were unlikely to suffer anxiety. 
Published in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology (Gershuny & Sher, 1998) 
When we have a perfectionist nature, worried about making mistakes, we tend to be highly self critical. 
There can be a perceived pressure from society to perform to a high standard, believing others are continually judging our performance. We can constantly experience pressure from society to perform whilst constantly experiencing judgments. 
Often feeling incapable of living up to the perfection we perceive others demand of us. 
We may agonise over perceived failures, with doubts about performance abilities because we experience our social world as judgmental, pressure-filled and unyielding. 
The study was published in the European Journal of Personality (Smith et al., 2016). 
Personality traits or the way that we can think can influence our emotional welbeing. 
We often hear people say: 
"Well this is me!" 
"This is the way I am!"  
This line of thought can hold us in a static position which is just not healthy. 
Sometimes we can feel comfortable with the way that we are and don't want to change. 
Of-course the reality is, experiences in life will change us everyday and hopefully, we will all continue to learn and grow, change? 
There are people changing everyday, in and out of therapy. 
If we want to change we can and will, and we do. 
Change is not quite that straight forward. 
We can want to be slimmer and yet eat more food than we require to sustain us. 
We do not want to be alcohol dependent but enjoy a drink on a regular basis. 
We can want to be fitter but don't like exercise. 
The answer to our dilemma is gently does it. 
We can all enjoy the benefits early on during our journey of change. 
Sustainable change takes time, however, we can enjoy the benefits of minor change almost immediately. 
Let us look at a little more research: 
Research explains that anxiety affects around one-third of adolescents, probably we have all experienced anxiety at some point in our lives. 
New research finds, Hypnotherapy, Mindfulness, sleep, a lack of stimulants and day light exercise all provide promising mind-body approaches to treating anxiety
Traditional treatments for anxiety are cognitive-behavioural therapy and/or medication. 
With long waiting lists and short session times, CBT can be difficult to access and maintain, some find medication helpful but "the meds" can have significant side-effects, just read the contraindications that come with the medication. Some patients have complained that the side affects to "the Meds" are worse than the illness. 
The medication route has been further exacerbated with recent research which claims that some medications are only as effective as the placebo affects allow. 
Mind-body approaches, though, are often cheaper, accessible and usually with no side-effects. 
We do need to accept at times, although not always, at the start of the therapy the client mighty feel worse as they work through their issues. 
This is known as the "Bell Of Therapy". 
What is happening here? 
We all have natural coping mechanisms that help us to feel better. 
When something worries or upsets us, we can push this issue to the back of our mind or fill our lives with something else so that we do not have to think about it and it feels better. This is known as suppressing the information. 
Suppression as a short term measure is a coping mechanism that allows us to push an issue to one side, so that we can get on with our lives, no problem. 
The trouble comes when this mechanism becomes a default behaviour, the issue and the feelings are suppressed into our unconscious mind, crudely put, it is still between our ears and it has not gone away. 
It has been said, the root of depression is suppressed feelings and often anger or the sense of disempowerment.. 
I doubt if this is the only reason but it could certainly be the pathology of depression. 
Researchers identified studies that supported the use of: 
Mindfulness, which involves increasing self-awareness and the use of breathing techniques, which studies have shown can benefit the anxiety sufferer.  
The SCCP has developed a technique which incorporates, Hypnotherapy, relaxation and feel good imagery techniques, Mindfulness, CBT and NLP, which is extremely effective with anxiety and depression
The study’s authors write: 
Almost one-in-ten adolescents are said to experience severe anxiety, Severe enough to disrupt their lives. 
“Whereas anxiety and fear can be typical reactions for the academic, social, and developmental challenges are common during the adolescent years, clinical or pathological anxiety can be excessive, persistent, and disruptive.” 
Ms Fulweiler and Dr John write: 
“A growing body of evidence supports the implementation of mind-body therapy as a low-risk and cost-effective strategy in the management of anxious teenagers. 
Mind-body therapies (hypnotherapy) encompass self-regulation and positive thinking to help promote self-control, physical health, and emotional well-being.” 
The study was published in the journal The Nurse Practitioner (Fulweiler & John, 2018). 
Anxiety and depressive responses are not solely the domain of adolescents, what has become apparent is, there is no need to continue suffering. 
There are many Brief Strategic approaches that can be used today, these therapeutic interventions are taught by the SCCP. 
If you wish to gain more information about these techniques, why not CONTACT James for a free COURSE BROCHURE or a free INITIAL CONSULTATION AND PRACTICE LEAFLET. 
I look forward to hearing from you. 
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