Hypnotherapy Works With Addictions
The Addictive Mind
June 22nd & 23rd
Working With And Understanding Addictions
The use of hypnotherapy when working with addictions
Working With The Pain That Could Be Evident Once The Behaviour Has Changed
Space Permitting - This Weekend Can Be Attended For Continues Professional Development, CPD
Fee : £200
2 ) Weight lose
3) Alcohol dependency
4) Emotional eating
5) All substance addictions
6) Behavioural addictions
7) The use and requirement for metaphors.
8) Utilising Milton Erickson's paradoxical interventions.
9) Ideo motor techniques for communication with the unconscious mind.
10) Utilising sub modalities for pain control
11) Working with pain
Held by James, with thirty five years clinical experience brought to the training.
It is said that there are more than 4.5 billion smokers worldwide; certainly the volume of people contacting you this year for help with smoking cessation, alcohol abuse and addictions to other stimulants will be a substantial part of your workload, and yet this area can be the most complex to work with.
Dr Peeke - Food Addiction
We all have a series of habits peculiar to us as individuals, which of course we include in everything that we do, especially with a stress-related behaviour.
These addictions need to be addressed for your client to fully experience the richness of life for themselves, within a relationship or as a parent.
These hypnotherapy appointments often take more than one session. Your client may require support to address the issues that the addiction has managed.
This will probably be your largest area of referrals for hypnotherapy from the medical profession, which recognises hypnotherapy as a successful approach to clients suffering with addiction and addictive behaviour.
This Introduction To Hypnotherapy Weekend aims to give you the tools to substantially improve your skills and ability to help your client take control.
These two days will address, the hypnotic interventions required, whilst working with any type of addiction, smoking, food, chemical use, alcohol & the behavioural addictions such as work, sex & behavioural responses.
Whilst our brain operates on a singular pattern of survival which creates the addiction, the reasons for developing the habit and behaviour are as varied as the clients that you will work with.
This course will help you to understand people and how to work with the individual. The Syllabus Includes:
The initial consultation, how to translate the client's explanation into a therapeutic elimination of the habit
Working with the addictive part of the personality
Food, Alcohol, Nicotine - therapeutic use or addiction?
What other habits are being built into the habits of addiction?
What need is the addiction satiating?
How do you best help your client?
This individualised approach to addiction, smoking cessation, emotional eating, alcohol dependency etc, is incredibly successful.
The therapeutic interventions are comprehensively covered and scripts supplied.
The approach used is client specific, and so addresses the individuals needs and not reliant on a singular script to be used with all clients, where one size will not fit all.
This Introduction To Hypnotherapy weekend would be suitable for the therapist who is looking to work innovatively with the client toward success.
For More Information
Why Do We Need To Experience The Pleasure And Pain Of Addiction?
• Pleasure — the good feeling you get in response to stimulus, drugs, food, sex and other stimulants and rewards. The pleasure feeling is driven by the release of various neurotransmitters throughout the brain, including dopamine, the so-called “pleasure chemical”
• Certain food products, notably refined and processed “hyperpalatable” foods containing high amounts of sugar, salt and unhealthy fats, hijack your brain’s reward center, causing changes identical to those found in alcohol and in drug use.
• Addiction also affects your frontal cortex, impairing your ability to control impatience, impulsivity, irritability and other mood states associated with addiction and withdrawal
• Abuse, neglect and other trauma during your formative years can profoundly affect your frontal cortex and deliver epigenetic (relating to or arising from non-genetic influences on gene expression.) influences that make you more susceptible to addictions.
My personal theory, this is more about gaining and maintaining an attachment during the early development of the brain, formative years.
Briefly, when we do not make that attachment with our parental others we find our selves attempting to make attachments with others, things or stimulants later in life.
The brain is a powerful instrument that often appears to have "a mind of its own."
This is the case when it comes to how it handles pleasure, which has been shown to affect both the nucleus accumbens, or reward center, and frontal cortex regions of your brain.
It is believed that all addictions, whether it be food, sex, drugs, alcohol or behaviour, have a similar hijacking effect on your brain. Fortunately, with hypnotherapy most addictive patterns are completely reversible and there is hope for a better brain and life, although for long term relief the individual will need to build a better relationship with the self.
See themselves as lovable and worth saving not compensating for or anaesthetising.
The SCCP Offers You The Tools To Help
What Happens In Our Brain When We Experience Pleasure?
Practising the techniques that will help our clients
Pleasure is the good feeling we get in response to drugs, food, sex, other stimulants and some behaviour. Pleasure is driven by the release of various neurotransmitters throughout the brain, including dopamine.
Dopamine is associated with pleasure and reward.
When dopamine is released, it tells our brain to expect something rewarding. It also drives us to seek rewards and modulates how rewarding each will be.
Furthermore, dopamine plays a role in supporting cognition and voluntary movement.
Neuroscientist Dean Burnett, Ph.D., lecturer and tutor at the U.K.'s Cardiff University Center for Medical Education, says:
"Anything that causes us to experience pleasure, in any context, invariably involves activity in the brain's mesolimbic reward pathway. It's a deeply embedded area of the brain, made up of many links between the nucleus accumbens and the ventral tegmental area.
These regions of the brain are responsible for reviewing what we're experiencing and deciding whether it warrants the sensation of pleasure, and supplying this pleasure, or 'reward,' if the answer is yes., the neurological processes that govern this area of the brain , uses dopamine, hence dopamine's frequent labelling as the 'pleasure chemical.'"
All drugs of abuse, such as cocaine and heroin alcohol skunk, release dopamine, as do other rewarding experiences like eating, gambling and having sex. On the other hand, decreases in dopamine within reward systems are associated with depression, a lack of pleasure, motivation and withdrawal.
It follows then that mental illnesses like schizophrenia are characterised by too much dopamine release, thereby resulting in psychotic symptoms.
In contrast, neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease are thought to be tied to the premature death of dopamine cells responsible for motor coordination.
Burnett believes the reward pathway is influenced by the reality that there are an unlimited number of things we can experience as well as countless connections and links to each one of those experiences.
As if our brain is like one huge computer server that houses all the digital records pertaining to the entire world's supply of money.
It would be difficult to imagine all the people and things that would be attached to this one server, not to mention all the ways and occasions it would be activated.
As if our brain's reward center is handling nonstop "transactions."
Unfortunately, anytime there are breakdowns in your decision-making process, we become vulnerable to pathological behavior, which is associated with most addictions. When you are addicted to a particular substance or experience, we adopt a type of "I'll do whatever it takes" attitude to achieve our desired outcome.
Over time, as the addictive attachment grows, it matters very little whether we still find the activity or experience to be pleasurable. No matter what we want to do, it becomes nearly impossible to stop the behavior or habit.
The Role of Dopamine in Food and Other Substance Addiction
The similarity between food addiction and drug addiction is striking, and likely stronger than we may suspect.
As mentioned, dopamine (the reward hormone) plays a critical role in all forms of addiction.
Considering addictions involving food and drugs, when I have helped clients to stop drinking they will often start to look for the sugar they found in alcohol in food or sugary drinks.
The role of dopamine in addictions was very much a part of Dr. Nora Volkow work, an addiction psychiatrist who has admitted to nursing her own compulsive attachment to chocolate.
Her breakthrough came with the introduction of MRI and positron emission tomography (PET) scanning, offering high quality views of the brain and its reactions.
By studying the brain's reward center, Volkow realised we only experience pleasure or reward when dopamine binds with its receptor, the D2 receptor.
D2 receptors are located throughout the reward center in the brain.
When dopamine links to D2 receptors, immediate changes take place in the brain cells, resulting in a "high" of pleasure and reward.
Many have suggested some brains are more susceptible to addiction than others.
Peeke, states "vulnerable people have an early history of any kind of abuse or trauma, mood issues or a history of personal addiction or share a genetic family link to an addict, people from this group are at much higher risk in developing an addiction such as an eating disorder.
My clinical experience would suggest this group would also include those with parental others who are vulnerable to mood swings, have mental health issues and unable to facilitate attachment with their children.
This is is heightened when hyperpalatables are involved, refined processed sugars, unhealthy fats and salt.
Whilst impossible to estimate accurately how many people struggle with addictive eating, we know it affects both men and women, involving a range of problem behavours.
Eating addiction might vary from the those who are able to control their addiction through modified lifestyle habits like calorie counting, to seriously compulsive over-eaters living with obesity.
We might think addictive eating is a problem only for overweight people, it actually affects people of all sizes, as many slim people maintain their weight by fighting the addiction.
Addictive eating covers the entire range of the weight spectrum
This is not about diets
being over weight
Working with an addiction, is not about the substance.
The substance is a choice or a vehicle to achieve the required feeling
Understanding the individual is vital to working with an addiction.
How Do Addictions Develop
The basic design for our body and mind is survival, and it will go do what ever it can do to maintain your survival. When we overindulge in over-stimulators like alcohol, sex, drugs or sugar our brain's reward center takes note that we have become overstimulated. The brain perceives this altered state to be detrimental for our survival and compensates by decreasing our sense of pleasure and reward.
The brain does this by desensitising our D2 receptor response, by eliminating some of them.
This survival strategy creates a situation where we don't feel the same pleasure or reward as we did at the beginning of the addiction.
This is survival response is the same for food or drugs. Resulting in the development of tolerance, we desire more and more of our choice of high but find it less pleasing. Now compelled to feed the addiction but not only for the pleasure or reward response.
Addictions Lead To Other Problems And Inhibit The Enjoyment Of Life
Instead, the primary reason we continue feeding the addiction is to avoid the pain and discomfort of withdrawal, which we want to avoid and are unable to tolerate.
In fact any form of addiction reduces our life skills and tolerance in general, especially reducing our threshold to frustration.
To generalise we become less tolerant.
Interestingly, Volkow's work revealed the changes taking place in the brains of drug addicts and food addicts are identical.
Addictions cause many
Hypnotherapy can help
Regardless of the substance used, Volkow noted very little dopamine bonding with its D2 receptors in addicted brains, mainly because the number of receptors had been drastically reduced due to continual exposure to the addictive substance.
This belief underpins this weekend and the use of hypnotherapy in the treatment of addictions.
Whilst our clients are different and we take a person centred approach to every therapy session, the substance used might be different but the approach to therapy is in synergy with the clients brain's response to survival.
It is not about the substance, we need to support the client back to life skills and help the client's mind to heal.
During a PET scan of the normal brain, when shown something pleasurable like a sun set, a beautiful red-orange glows where the dopamine is bonding with the D2 receptors.
What do you see in the addictive brain?
Not a whole lot; almost no orange there.
For that matter, those D2 receptors are so low in number these people are in angst.
They crave more and more and more of whatever their fix is."
Overall, Volkow's study was able to show:
1. Food addiction is real
2. Changes that take place in the brain's reward center are identical for all addictions.
3. The brain's reward center is just one of the affected regions; the frontal cortex is also impacted.
About the impact addiction has on our frontal cortex, Peeke stated:
"This means we have an impairment in the 'CEO of the brain' in its ability to rein in impulsivity, irritability, impatience and all of the things associated with withdrawal and addiction.
In this condition, we cannot remain vigilant.
It is difficult to pay attention.
We are unable to be mindful.
We are unable to look to the future and to plan, organise or strategise.
Basically, we are out of control.
Now, you have an out-of-control CEO of the brain and you've got a hijacked reward center.
What you have is a full-on addiction."
Children Unable To Gain Attachment Or That Suffer Trauma In The Early Years Are Likely To Develop Future Addictive Behaviours
As discussed, you may be particularly susceptible to addiction if you've experienced physical, emotional or sexual abuse, neglect or other trauma during your formative years.
This would indicate that the client has not made and maintained an attachment with another person, parental other.
When this is the case we tend to attach to the wrong people for our emotional health, usually risk takers and seek other experiences that might be detrimental to our welbeing, including substances that might anaesthetise us against the pain of being with ourselves. After all if those that are in theory supposed to love and care for us don't, why should we.
The trauma discussed above during childhood, adolescence and or young adulthood can significantly affect the frontal cortex, thereby setting the stage for addiction.
Research has shown, women who had the highest levels of abuse during childhood had a 90 percent increased incidence of food addiction.
Susan Mason, Ph.D
Research suggests, the role of epigenetics (non-genetic influences on gene expression), discusses a "susceptibility to change" between the ages of 8 and 13 when the genome is particularly vulnerable to epigenetic influence (environmental disturbance).
This means our genes are being turned on or off, leaving molecular markers based on what is happening to us. (Chemically laying down an experience that we will respond to later).
This lovely term, "the influences of your experiences" says it all. It is the perception of our experience coupled with our personalisation that determine our response.
The influences of our experiences go on to shape how we self-soothe and whether or not we become self-destructive.
If not addressed, these issues follow us into adulthood and set the repetitive story of our lives.
Even if our history is not of abuse or trauma, we may still self-sooth or self-destruct with addictive behavours, we may repeatedly give into cravings when tired or stressed, which may well condition us for future addiction.
Interestingly, it may not be the addictive stimulus which triggers the highest level of dopamine release in our brain; it can be the cues and triggers associated with them.
Showing pictures or triggering sensitivities can lead to higher levels of dopamine secretion in the brain than consuming the addictive substance; anticipating the fix can bring a higher reward than taking the substance provides.
Addiction will always bring more pain over time
When working with addictions always look for what is missing. What makes your client complete will be the key to recovery.
Addiction of any kind will eventually take over life.
Hypnotherapy Can Help
Hypnotherapy - Exercise - Nutrition - Sleep - Exercise Can Help Your Client To Recovery
Your Brain's Reward Center: Hacked by a Cupcake (Pt. 11)
Hypnotherapy can free your client from the trap of addiction and the cycle of pain. Additionally exercise good nutrition and sleep are beneficial.
Physical activity especially of a rigorous nature prompts neuro-genesis and neuro-plasticity, which contributes to healing in the brain's frontal cortex and reward center. each exertion changes gene expression through out the entire spectrum of the metabolic syndrome, augmenting brain health and healing from the addictive process .
Similarly, we believe that hypnotherapy like transcendental meditation has been shown to epigenetically turn off inflammatory gene groups, while turning on genes responsible for increasing neurogenesis making both activities important for long-term recovery from addictions of any kind.
On previous weekends we have looked at the power of "WHY" here the "WHY" comes into its own.
Paradoxically we can challenge the addiction with "WHY" This approach will be covered on our Positive Psychology weekend.
It's A Fact: Stress Makes You Fat.
Renowned clinician and scientist Dr. Pamela Peeke goes beyond diet and exercise with a lifestyle program that shows women how to stop being diet "POWs" ("Prisoners Of Weight") or victims of "Toxic Stress" and how to evolve into physically and mentally stress-resilient individuals.
Peeke helps women (I would say women and men, although most of my foody clients are women, it's usually that women are more socially aware in general) identify their stress-eating profiles (Are you a stress-over-eater? A stress-under-eater?) and explains that to remove weight, you have to lift weight.
She explains what to eat and, equally as important, when to eat by navigating the afternoon "CortiZone," the hours of highest vulnerability to stress eating.
Learn how to put it all together through the fine art of regrouping.
Women (I would say this applies to men and women) can tailor this accessible program to their individual needs using Peeke's three behavior templates:
* Stress-resilient nutrition
* Stress-resilient physical activity
* Stress-resilient regrouping